Osteoarthritis is a common disease that affects the knee joint, causing destruction of joint cartilage. While nonsurgical treatments can be effective for mild to moderate cases, severe cases may require surgery. The most successful orthopaedic surgery for knee osteoarthritis is total knee replacement, which replaces osteoarthritic cartilage and bone with metal and plastic components. Partial knee replacement is an option for cases where only one side of the knee joint is affected. Surgery is performed under local sedation or general anesthesia, with a hospital stay typically lasting 1-3 days. After the procedure, physical therapy is necessary to regain balance, strength, and flexibility. OIBO knee specialists are highly trained and use the newest surgical techniques and equipment, resulting in high patient satisfaction. Contact OIBO to schedule an appointment.
The knee ligaments attach the femur (leg bone) to the tibia (shin bone) and are very important because they stabilize the knee and help it perform movements necessary for normal day-to-day living. The ACL is the most well-known ligament because it is commonly injured during sports and physical activities. The other three knee ligaments are:
A ligament tear is a serious injury that requires medical attention. Nonsurgical treatment options may treat some partial tears. A ligament repair is usually recommended for a complete tear.
A ligament repair is performed under general anesthesia administered by a board-certified anesthesiologist. For an MCL or LCL ligament repair, an open incision is made on the inner or outer part of the knee. For a PCL repair, tiny incisions are made and the procedure is performed arthroscopically.
The Procedure. After the incisions are made, the torn ligament is removed and a new one is put in its place. The new ligament may be tendons harvested from the patient or a cadaver. Special devices are used to secure the ligament to the bone and a physical examination ensures it functions properly. The incisions are closed and sterilely dressed and the patient is placed in a hinged knee brace set to a locked position. The patient returns home after there are awake and alert and their pain is under control. Physical therapy is started as soon as possible and continues throughout recovery. Total recovery time may take 3-12 months depending on the type and severity of the tear. PCL repairs take the longest to completely recover from.
Our Board-Certified and Fellowship-Trained knee specialists are experts in performing knee ligament repairs. Patients who sustain an injury are encouraged to make an appointment as soon as possible.